The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (P.L. 101-476) is signed into law, modernizing the Education of the Handicapped Act. IDEA emphasizes parent and family involvement and states that services should be provided in the least restrictive environment and continues coverage of occupational therapy as a related service and, in early intervention, a primary service. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990’s (P.L. 101-508) Title VII Allied Health Project Grants Program includes occupational therapy students in new scholarship program for minority and disadvantaged individuals. The law establishes the Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, creates a National Advisory Board on Medical Rehabilitation Research, and also extends Medicare coverage allowing community mental health centers to provide partial hospitalization mental health services, including occupational therapy. The Americans with Disabilities Act (P.L. 101-336), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability, is passed, opening new avenues of service for occupational therapy in areas such as work accommodations and environmental accessibility.